The CEILING function in Google Sheets rounds a number up to the nearest integer multiple of a specified significance.

If the `value`

is negative, and the `factor`

is negative, this function rounds the `value`

down, away from zero.

Contents

## Syntax

`=CEILING(value, factor)`

`value`

– The number for the function to round

`factor`

– The multiple to round up to

## Similar Functions

Several functions deal with rounding. Choose the most appropriate for your use.

- CEILING – Rounds a number
*up*to the nearest*integer multiple*of specified significance - INT – Rounds a number
*down*to the nearest*integer* - FLOOR – Rounds a number
*down*to the nearest*integer multiple*of specified significance - MROUND – Rounds one number to the nearest
*integer multiple*of another - ROUND – Round a number to a specified number of decimal places using
*standard rounding* - ROUNDDOWN – Round a number
*down*to a specified number of*places* - ROUNDUP – Round a number
*up*to a specified number of*places* - TRUNC:
*Truncates*a number to a certain number of*significant digits*by omitting less significant digits

## Possible Errors

`#NUM!` – The value and the factor are different signs. Make both positive or negative.

`#VALUE!` – An argument is non-numeric.

## Examples

You can use CEILING in many different ways. Let’s take a look at a few, starting with rounding currency.

### Example 1 – Round Up to the Next Nickel

Sometimes presenting a price rounded up to the next nickel looks better. Let’s look at how to do that.

The formula used in cell C2: `=CEILING(A2,B2)`

We use the CEILING function to round the *Original Price* to a factor of `$0.05`

. Since the function rounds up, it rounds `$1.23`

up to `$1.25` in row 2 and rounds `$1.27`

up to `$1.30` in row 4. Google Sheets does not round the value in row 3 because `$1.25` is already a multiple of `$0.05`

.

### Example 2 – Round Up to the Nearest Half-Hour

Next, let’s round some time values. It is common to refer to a time as a rounded value. In this example, we’ll round values up to the next half-hour.

The formula used in cell C2: `=CEILING(A2,B2)`

⚠️ You can enter a half hour as “`0:30`

” or “`0:30:00`

“. Either way, you’ll need to use custom formatting to remove the seconds, like in the example above in column B.

Rows 2 and 4 both get rounded up to the next half hour. As `1:30 PM`

is already a multiple of 30 minutes, the CEILING function does not change it.

### Example 3 – Round With Different Factors

Up to this point, we have been changing the `value`

. Now let’s look at changing the `factor`

. We’ll use positive and negative `factors`

to see the differences.

You can see that negatives and positives move towards the same absolute values. Each output in column C is the opposite sign when the inputs flip their signs.

### Live Example in Sheets

Make a copy of this spreadsheet to get the examples in your Google Sheet.