The NOW function is a simple date function used to return the value of the current day and time. The result is dynamic, updating when you change, refresh, or reopen the Google Sheet.

The NOW function returns the date *and* time. If you want just the date, use the TODAY function.

If the output doesn’t look like a date, apply Date formatting by going to the *Format* menu, choosing *Number*, then choosing *Date time*.

Using these shortcuts, you can also insert the current date and time into a cell in Google Sheets. However, the values inserted with these shortcuts will not update like the NOW function’s output.

- Windows: ctl+alt+shift+;
- Mac: ⌘+option+shift+;

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## Purpose

The NOW function returns the value of the current day and time. As explained further in how to use dates and times in Google Sheets formulas, the value is an integer for the day plus a decimal for the time, but the spreadsheet will typically display it as a date and time to the user.

## Syntax

`=NOW()`

Note that you need the parenthesis even though they are empty.

## Similar Functions

TODAY – Returns the current day with no time.

**TIMEDIF **– Google Sheets Add-On

Calculate any duration in:

- Years
- Months
- Weeks
- Days

- Hours
- Minutes
- Seconds
- Milliseconds

## Examples

### Example 1 – Simple Usage

Firstly, let’s look at simple examples of the NOW function.

Formula | Description | Result |

`=NOW()` | Outputs the current date and time (not really “now” but what the date and time was when I updated this page.) | 9/20/2022 15:01:55 |

`=NOW()+1` | Returns the same time with tomorrow’s date. | 9/21/2022 15:01:55 |

### Example 2 – Calculating Elapsed Time

You may raise baby chickens in your backyard and be curious about the last time you fed them, which you use a spreadsheet to track. You used this formula on the afternoon of September 20, 2022.

A | B | C | D | |

1 | Last feeding day | Last feeding time | Time since last feeding – Formula | Time since last feed – Result |

2 | 9/20/22 | 8:03 AM | `=NOW()-(A2+B2)` | 8:37:51 |

The value in cell `D2`

is a duration instead of a time, and the Duration number formatting has been applied. Therefore, the result means `8` hours, `37` minutes, and `51` seconds instead of `8:37:51 AM or PM`.

### Example 3 – Six Months from Today

Now let’s get the date six months from today.

Formula | Description | Result |

`=EDATE(NOW(),6)` | Returns the date six months from now. Now is September 20, 2022, 4:35 pm. | 3/20/2023 00:00:00 |

The EDATE function takes a `start_date`

argument and a `months`

argument. With a `start_date`

of today’s date and a `months`

value of `6`

, EDATE returns a value six months into the future.

Notice that the EDATE function has removed the time value from the result of `3/20/2023`. Therefore, using the TODAY function instead of the NOW function would return the same result since the TODAY function does not return a time.

### Example 4 – Last Day of the Current Month

The NOW and EOMONTH functions can be used to find the last day of the current month.

Formula | Description | Result |

`=EOMONTH(NOW(),0)` | Returns the last day of the current month (which is September). | 9/30/2022 00:00:00 |

The EOMONTH function accepts `start_date`

and `number_of_months`

arguments and returns the last day of the month a given `number_of_months`

away from its start value. In this case, we used the current date and time as the start value and specified 0 months away. Therefore, it returns the end of the current month.

As with the EDATE function in the previous example, the EOMONTH function removes the time. Using the TODAY function instead of the NOW function would produce the same result.

## Live Examples in Sheets

Go to this spreadsheet for the examples of the NOW function shown above that you can study and use anywhere you would like.