The TIME function takes three numbers and converts them to time with hours, minutes, and seconds.

Furthermore, this function helps you use a time inside other formulas. Formulas do not understand times typed directly into a formula, as discussed in example 4.

In spreadsheets, time is a decimal value representing a fraction of a day ranging from 0 (midnight) to .9999884 (11:59 PM and 59 seconds).

If the result of the formula is not formatted correctly, first try the *Time* number formatting. Use the *Custom date and time* options in the menus for more adjustments.

Adjust the formatting until you get what you are looking for.

Contents

## Syntax

`=TIME(hour, minute, second)`

`hour`

– The number that represents the hour (0-23).

`minute`

– A number that represents the minute (0-59).

`second`

– The number that represents the second (0-59).

## Related Functions

DATE – Similar to this function, the DATE function takes three numbers and converts them to a date.

MINUTE – Extracts the minute

HOUR – Extracts the hour

SECOND – Extracts the second

**TIMEDIF **– Google Sheets Add-On

Calculate any duration in:

- Years
- Months
- Weeks
- Days

- Hours
- Minutes
- Seconds
- Milliseconds

## Errors

`#VALUE!` – The inputs aren’t valid numbers, such as “Half past three” or “In a sec”.

## Examples

### Example 1 – Outputs With Different Formatting

First, let’s look at a simple example of the time function. The spreadsheet shows the same output with three formatting types.

Here we see the function performing a simple conversion that results in `1:25:48 PM`. However, the result is only shown as a time if the cell formatting is set to *Time* as it is in cell `B5`

in the example. In cell `B6`

, we have applied the *Date and time* format. You should avoid this formatting since day 0 is December 30, 1899. See more about day 0 in this video. Lastly, formatting the output as a Number shows that times are fractions of 1. Since this result is a bit after midday, the decimal value is a bit more than `.5`

.

### Example 2 – Decimal Inputs for the Time Function

Second, we will look at what happens when one of the inputs is a decimal.

The function in cell `D2`

produces the same result as the previous example, even though the minutes are 25.1 instead of 25. This behavior is due to the decimal truncation instead of converting; in this case, `25.1`

minutes to `25`

minutes and `6`

seconds.

### Example 3 – Large Numbers as Inputs

For the third example, let’s look at what happens when we use inputs of more than 23 hours, 59 minutes, or 59 seconds.

The `second`

argument accepts numbers from `0`

to `59`

. However, you can give any three arguments larger numbers, and Google Sheets will use the entire number. For example, Google Sheets treats 62 seconds as `1`

minute and `2`

seconds.

### Example 4 – Using the TIME Function in A Formula

Now that we understand how the function works let’s look at an example of its typical use.

Entering `=15:19:47-13:25:48`

directly into a cell produces an `#N/A` error. This error is because you need to use one of three special methods to use times in formulas. You can surround them in quotes, locate them in cell references, or produce them with a specialized function, as we have done in this example.

⚠️ Remember to change the formatting to *Duration,* so the time doesn’t have `AM`

at the end.

### Live Examples in Sheets

Go to this spreadsheet for examples of the above function that you can study and use anywhere.