TIME Function – Google Sheets

The TIME function takes three numbers and converts them to time with hours, minutes, and seconds.

Furthermore, this function helps you use a time inside other formulas. Formulas do not understand times typed directly into a formula, as discussed in example 4.

In spreadsheets, time is a decimal value representing a fraction of a day ranging from 0 (midnight) to .9999884 (11:59 PM and 59 seconds).

If the result of the formula is not formatted correctly, first try the Time number formatting. Use the Custom date and time options in the menus for more adjustments.

Custom Formatting Menu
Find the Custom Formatting Options
Custom Number Formats
Choose the Desired Format

Adjust the formatting until you get what you are looking for.

Syntax

=TIME(hour, minute, second)

hour – The number that represents the hour (0-23).

minute – A number that represents the minute (0-59).

second – The number that represents the second (0-59).

Video Tutorial

Related Functions

DATE – Similar to this function, the DATE function takes three numbers and converts them to a date.

MINUTE – Extracts the minute

HOUR – Extracts the hour

SECOND – Extracts the second

Errors

#VALUE! – The inputs aren’t valid numbers, such as “Half past three” or “In a sec”.

Examples

Example 1 – Outputs With Different Formatting

First, let’s look at a simple example of the time function. The spreadsheet shows the same output with three formatting types.

Example of the TIME function with three different types of formatting
Same Function – Different Formats

Here we see the function performing a simple conversion that results in 1:25:48 PM. However, the result is only shown as a time if the cell formatting is set to Time as it is in cell B5 in the example. In cell B6, we have applied the Date and time format. You should avoid using this formatting since day 0 is December 30, 1899. See more about day 0 in this video. Lastly, formatting the output as a Number shows that times are fractions of 1. Since this result is a bit after midday, the decimal value is a bit more than .5.

Example 2 – Decimal Inputs for the Time Function

Second, we will look at what happens when one of the inputs is a decimal.

The TIME function with a decimal as one of the inputs
Decimal for the Minute Value

The function in cell D2 produces the same result as the previous example, even though the minutes are 25.1 instead of 25. This behavior is due to the decimal truncation instead of converting, in this case, 25.1 minutes to 25 minutes and 6 seconds.

Example 3 – Large Numbers as Inputs

For the third example, let’s look at what happens when we use inputs of more than 23 hours, 59 minutes, or 59 seconds.

The TIME function with a seconds time of more than 59
Large Number of Seconds

The second argument accepts numbers from 0 to 59. However, you can give any three arguments larger numbers, and Google Sheets will use the entire number. For example, Google Sheets treats 62 seconds as 1 minute and 2 seconds.

Example 4 – Using the TIME Function in A Formula

Now that we understand how the function works, let’s look at an example of its typical use.

Using the TIME function in a formula
TIME Functions Inside a Formula

Entering =15:19:47-13:25:48 directly into a cell produces an #N/A error. This error is because you need to use one of three special methods to use times in formulas. You can surround them in quotes, locate them in cell references, or produce them with a specialized function, as we have done in this example.

⚠️ Remember to change the formatting to Duration, so the time doesn’t have AM at the end.

Live Examples in Sheets

Go to this spreadsheet for examples of the above function that you can study and use anywhere you want.

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