The COUNT function counts the numeric values in a data set. When all inputs to the function are numbers, it produces the same result as the COUNTA function. However, when the inputs are text or boolean values, the COUNTA function acts differently than COUNT. Get your copy of the template used in this tutorial to follow along.
The COUNT function returns the number of numerical values in a data set.
=COUNT(value1, [value2, ...])
value1– The first number or range to consider while counting.
value2, …– [OPTIONAL] Additional numbers to consider.
COUNT – Count the numeric values in a data set
COUNTA – Count the non-blank values in a data set
COUNTIF – Count the cells that match a criterion
COUNTIFS – Count the cells that match multiple criteria
COUNTUNIQUE – Count the unique values
COUNTUNIQUEIFS – Count the unique values that meet multiple criteria
COUNTBLANK – Count the blank cells
Example 1 – Counting Numbers
The four numerical values in the range of
A5 are counted and the formula returns the number
4. Counting numbers is the most straightforward use of the function.
Example 2 – Counting Blanks vs. Counting Zeroes
The COUNT function treats blanks differently from zeroes as we move into the following example. Blank cells, such as those in
A5 are not counted, but a cells with
B5 are counted as number values.
0 is a number, you may not intend to count it. If you only want to capture numbers greater than zero, you may consider using a formula such as
=COUNTIF(B2:B5,">0"). Read about the COUNTIF function here.
What if we had a mix of text and numbers?
Example 3 – Count Text and Numbers
The COUNT function only sees one number, the
A5, in the range
A2:A5. As shown in the previous example, the function does not count the blank cell in
A3. Also, the function ignores the text values of
Nice day in
5 stars in cell
A4 as they are both text strings instead of numbers. The text value
5 stars contains the number
5, but having the text
stars after the
5 converts the value to text.
If you want to find the amount of text and number values while ignoring the blanks, consider the COUNTA function.
Example 4 – Counting Dates
Now let’s move on to dates. Remember, spreadsheets treat dates the same as numbers in a spreadsheet.
The trick with dates is that they need to be valid to be considered a number. In the example above, Google Sheets adds 1 for each date in
A3:A5 but it does not recognize
Feb 20th in cell
A2 as a valid date. You can tell because
Feb 20th is left-aligned, which is how spreadsheets show text values. Also, for a spreadsheet to treat a date as a number, it must have a year.
Numbers and text are relatively common in spreadsheets, but you can also have boolean values.
Example 5 – Count Boolean Values
Boolean values only have two options – TRUE or FALSE.
The COUNT function is not adding any of the values in cells
A2:A5. So, boolean values just aren’t counted, right? Not so fast. The COUNT function disregards them if they are in cells referenced by the COUNT function but counts them if they are input directly into the function.
It makes no sense, right? Fortunately, values are typically referenced instead of input directly into a function.
Live Examples in Sheets
Go to this spreadsheet for examples of the COUNT functions shown above that you can study and use anywhere you would like.
- COUNT ignores blank cells.
- The COUNT function counts text as 0.
- Consider using the SUBTOTAL function if you have multiple counts in one column.